Built on 180 meters-high hill, Chittorgarh Fort is spread over an expansive area of 700 acres with seven massive gateways called Pol. It is also often known as Water Fort, as there are about 22 water bodies inside the fort.
Chittorgarh fort, that covers an area of around 700 acres with a perimeter wall of 13 km, was an integral part of our trip itinerary. We had driven more than 100 kilometres from Udaipur (through Udaipur Chittorgarh Road and NH 76) to explore one of the most significant forts of Rajasthan, about which the local saying goes that if there is a fort it is Chittorgarh, rest of them are smaller fortresses. The fort is reminiscent of Rajput valour, pride, sacrifice and loyalty. Also in 2013, it was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO under ‘Hill Forts of Rajasthan’ along with five other forts of the state.
It is believed that the fort of Chittorgarh was constructed by Chitrangad Mori of the Maurya dynasty way back in the 7th century A.D. Later, Bappa Rawal, the founder of Mewar dynasty, made Chittorgarh his capital. The fort has been a witness to the times of victory, peace and prosperity, and has withstood the phases of defeat and destruction. It was once deemed very secure and impregnable, but then three major attacks happened: the first time when it was conquered by Ala-ud-di Khilji in 1303, second in 1535 the Sultan of Gujarat, Bahadur Shah, attacked Chittorgarh, and the invasion came from the Mughal emperor Akbar which eventually led to the fort being abandoned for a far secure capital in Udaipur.
Highlights of Chittorgarh Fort: Kirti Stambha, Vijay Stambha, Padmini’s Palace, Gaumukh Reservoir, Fateh Prakash Palace, Rana Kumbha Palace, Meera Temple and annual Jauhar Mela
Entry fees: INR 5 per person (Indians) | INR 100 per person (Foreigners)
Timings: 9:45 am to 5:15 pm
Tourist attractions near Chittorgarh Fort: Bassi Wildlife Sanctuary